Ft. Arbuckle, Chickasaw Nation, I. T.

The first fort built on the Washita River was one at the mouth of the Washita by General Leavenworth in 1834. But this had been such a disastrous place for the soldiers, (malaria), that it was not occupied very long. The Chickasaws were begging for protection, from the wild plains tribes, and in answer to their cry, General Taylor departed from Fort Gibson in September 1841, to locate a camp among them. This camp was finally located April 3, 1843, about twenty-two miles above the mouth of the Washita. It was occupied immediately by two companies of Dragoons. Major Fontleroy was placed in command. This post was called Ft. Washita.

Another fort on the Washita that was to see considerable service was that known as Fort Arbuckle, founded April 19, 1851, and named for General Arbuckle who had succeeded to the command of all the forces of the Southwest on the death of General Leavenworth in 1834. General Arbuckle had died June 11, 1851, and the fort was officially named for him June 25, 1851.

Fort Arbuckle was established on a branch of the Washita, Wild-Horse Creek, about six miles west and one north of the present town of Davis. This fort was built of logs, hewn and notched; the cracks were stripped with drawn boards, fireplaces were made at the ends of the buildings. The foundation for each building was of solid stone masonry. The roofs were of the old style clapboards made from the oak trees with the froe.





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